Here are problems with group-work that I have observed or heard about multiple times from students:
- the members of the group (unless the group is the whole class) do not include an expert on either the topic for discussion or the assigned reading on it, so mistakes can go uncorrected and misunderstanding can be increased (if plausibly, confidently, or charismatically defended)
- there can be a tendency for everyone in a group to want to get along and agree, so that diversity of opinion (which is sometimes healthy and at least indicative of independent thought) can be replaced by a kind of groupthink, in which the better (or better-supported) ideas by no means always win out
- neither every student nor even every group engages in the exercise seriously or at all (policing can help here, of course, but is not likely to be 100% effective, and brings its own problems simply by making the teacher take on the role of police officer)
- groups can be dominated by loudmouths (although they might also be more comfortable environments for some students to speak in)
- the whole thing can feel like a waste of time
…The biggest problem, though, …. [is] that such activities feel forced and unnatural. They are, after all, forced and unnatural. They involve the teacher’s going from being a resident expert there to help students in his/her area of expertise to being a classroom manager, manipulating students for their own good. Class is no longer (if it ever was) a place where a conversation takes place between people who (at least might) care about ideas and books. It is now a place where learning is facilitated. Of course the change is not from black to white, but students seem a bit more patronized in the new way of doing things, and the ideas (literature, arguments, whatever) being taught seem a bit more remote from life, a bit less like things that anyone might actually care about when off duty. It seems a shame to me.
Those are some criticisms that Duncan Richter raises about group work in class in a post at Language Goes on Holiday. Are there problems with group work in class, especially problems particular to philosophy courses? Have you been able to use group work to good effect?
(art: photo by Florent Tanet)