In Slovenia, Alma Maruška Sedlar, a woman described in news reports as a philosopher and teacher, has been appointed by President Borut Pahor as a deputy chief of the Commission for the Prevention of Corruption. Sedlar is not an academic, but rather a journalist and labor activist who graduated with a degree in philosophy from the University of Maribor in 2007 with a thesis on censorship and hate speech. (Thanks to Friderik Klampfer at Maribor for that information.)
What professional philosophers have held government offices recently, say, in the past decade or so? There is Michael Ignatieff in Canada. And back in 2005, the government of Norway hired Henrik Syse to be the ethicist for its petroleum fund. I’m sure there are other examples. Readers?